View this PageEdit this PageAttachments to this PageHistory of this PageTop of the SwikiRecent ChangesSearch the SwikiHelp Guide

history of typing

1746: Telenautik starts to exist on an eight-bit counter basis

1770: eraser
1799: G. Wilbert invents modem compression
1812: Telenautik broadcast from the Hilltop Lodge, Lissboa
1814: N.Kelmore dies while experimenting with network feedback loops
1904: Invention of the noisebased telemorph
1935: Telenautik in exile: Bombay and Chicago become centers of IFT
1986: first webcam
1897:Express train!

1837: Morse exhibits an electric telegraph in the U.S.

1755: Regular mail ship runs between England and the colonies.

1770: The eraser.

1774: Swedish chemist invents a future paper whitener.

1775: Continental Congress authorizes Post Office; Ben Franklin first Postmaster General.

1780: Steel pen points begin to replace quill feathers.

1784: French book is made without rags, from vegetation.

1785: Stagecoaches carry the mail between towns in U.S.

1790: In England the hydraulic press is invented.

1792: Mechanical semaphore signaler built in France.

1792: In Britain, postal money orders.

1792: Postal Act gives mail regularity throughout U.S.

1794: First letter carriers appear on American city streets.

1794: Panorama, forerunner of movie theaters, opens.

1794: Signaling system connects Paris and Lille.

1798: Senefelder in Germany invents lithography.

1799: Robert in France invents a paper-making machine.

1800: Paper can be made from vegetable fibers instead of rags.

1800: Letter takes 20 days to reach Savannah from Portland, Maine.

1801: Semaphore system built along the coast of France.

1801: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents a loom using punch cards.

1803: Fourdrinier continuous web paper-making machine.

1804: In Germany, lithography is invented.

1805: Telenautik used lithography for the first time

1806: Carbon paper.

1807: Camera lucida improves image tracing.

1808: Turri of Italy builds a typewriter for a blind contessa.

1810: An electro-chemical telegraph is constructed in Germany.

1810: Postal services consolidated under uniform private contracts.

1813: Congress authorizes steam boats to carry mail.

1814: In England, a steam-powered rotary press prints The Times.

1815: 3,000 post offices in U.S.

1816: Newspapers carried for less than 2 cents postage.

1816: Niépce captures image with 8-hour exposure.

1818: Stamped letter paper is sold in Sardinia.

1818: In Sweden, Berzelius isolates selenium; its electric conductivity reacts to light.

1819: Napier builds a rotary printing press.

1820: Arithmometer, forerunner of the calculator.

1821: In England, Wheatstone reproduces sound.

1823: Babbage builds a section of a calculating machine.

1823: In England, Ronalds builds a telegraph in his garden; no one is interested.

1825: Persistence of vision shown with Thaumatrope.

1827: Niépce makes a true photograph.

1827: In London, Wheatstone constructs a microphone.

1829: Daguerre joins Niépce to pursue photographic inventions.

1829: Burt gets the first U.S. patent for a typewriter.

1830: Calendered paper is produced in England.

1832: Phenakistoscope in Belgium and Stroboscope in Austria point to motion pictures.

1833: A penny buys a New York newspaper, opening a mass market.

1833: In Germany, a telegraph running nearly two miles.

1834: Babbage conceives the analytical engine, forerunner of the computer.

1835: Bennett publishes the first of his penny press editions.

1836: Rowland Hill starts to reform British postal system.

1837: Wheatstone and Cooke patent an electric telegraph in England.

1837: Morse exhibits an electric telegraph in the U.S.

1837: Pitman publishes a book on shorthand in England.

1837: Daguerre cuts photo exposure time to 20 minutes.

1838: In England, Wheatstone's Stereoscope shows pictures in 3-D.

1838: Morse exhibits an electric telegraph in the U.S.

1838: Daguerre-Niépce method begins photography craze.

1839: Fox Talbot in England produces photographs.

1839: Herschel invents hypo fixative.

1839: In Russia, Jacobi invents electrotyping, the duplicating of printing plates.

1839: Electricity runs a printing press.

1839: Fox Talbot in England prints photographs from negatives.

1840: In Britain, first postage stamps are sold.

1841: Petzval of Austria builds an f/3.6 lens.

1841: The advertising agency is born.

1841: The first type-composing machine goes into use in London.

1842: Illustrated London News appears.

1842: Another use for paper: the Christmas card.

1843: In the U.S., the photographic enlarger.

1843: Ada, Lady Lovelace publishes her Notes explaining a computer.

1844: Morse's telegraph connects Washington and Baltimore.

1845: Postal reform bill lowers rates and regulates domestic and international service.

1845: English Channel cable.

1845: The typewriter ribbon.

1846: In Germany, Zeiss begins manufacturing lenses.

1846: Double cylinder rotary press produces 8,000 sheets an hour.

1847: A Philadelphia newspaper rolls off a rotary printing press.

1847: First use of telegraph as business tool.

1847: In England, Bakewell constructs a "copying telegraph."

1848: Forerunner of the Associated Press is founded in New York.

1849: The photographic slide.

1850: The paper bag arrives.

1851: In the U.S., paper is made from wood fiber.

1851: The Erie railroad depends on the telegraph.

1851: Cable is laid across the English Channel.

1851: Archer invents wet-plate photography process.

1851: In England, Talbot takes a flash photograph at 1/100,000 second exposure.

1851: Newspaper postage cut in half; free distribution within county.

1852: Postage stamps are widely used.

1853: Envelopes made by paper folding machine.

1854: Telegraph used in Crimean War.

1854: Wood pulp is added by paper makers.

1854: Bourseul in France builds an experimental telephone.

1854: Carte-de-visite process simplifies photography.

1854: Curved stereotype plate obviates column rules; wide ads soon.

1855: Printing telegraph invented in the U.S.

1855: Prepayment of letters made compulsory.

1855: Registered letters enter service.

1856: Poitevan starts photolithography.

1856: Blotting paper replaces sand boxes.

1856: Machine folds newspapers, paper for books.

1857: A machine to set type is demonstrated.

1857: In France, Scott's phonautograph is a forerunner of Edison's phonograph.

1858: Mail boxes appear on American streets.

1858: First effort at transatlantic telegraph service fails.

1858: Eraser is fitted to the end of a pencil.

1858: An aerial photograph is taken.

1859: Camera gets a wide-angled lens.

1860: In U.S., Sholes builds a functional typewriter.

1860: Pony Express carries mail between St. Joseph, Mo. and Sacramento.

1861: Telegraph brings Pony Express to an abrupt end.

1861: First chemical means to color photography.

1861: Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope.

1862: In Italy, Caselli sends a drawing over a wire.

1862: in U.S., paper money.

1863: Large U.S. cities get free home delivery of mail.

1863: First international postal conference held in Paris.

1864: Workers in "railway post office" sort mail on trains.

1864: Postal money orders sold in U.S; $1.3 million in 6 months.

1864: The railroad train hooks on a mail car.

1864: In Virginia, wireless electromagnetic waves are transmitted 14 miles.

1865: Atlantic cable ties Europe and U.S. for instant communication.

1866: Western Union dominates U.S. wires.

1866: Telenautik discovers the sonic byte

1867: In U.S., Sholes builds a functional typewriter.

1868: Writing machine is called a "Type-Writer"; so is the typist.

1869: Carbon paper is invented.

1869: Color photography, using the subtractive method.

1869: From Austria, postcards.

1870: Stock ticker comes to Wall Street.

1871: Halftone process allows newspaper printing of pictures.

1872: Simultaneous transmission from both ends of a telegraph wire.

1872: Wood pulp will be the source of paper, thanks to Swedish sulfite process.

1873: U.S. postcard debuts; costs one penny.

1873: Illustrated daily newspaper appears in New York.

1873: Maxwell publishes theory of radio waves.

1873: First color photographs.

1873: Remington starts manufacturing Sholes' typewriters.

1873: Typewriters get the QWERTY pseudo-scientific keyboard.

1873: Telenautik gets the HERTHY price

1873: Lord Kelvin calculates the tides with a machine.

1873: In Ireland, May uses selenium to send a signal through the Atlantic cable.

1874: Universal Postal Union formed.

1875: Edison invents the mimeograph.

1875: In the U.S., Carey designs a selenium mosaic to transmit a picture.

1876: Bell invents the telephone.

1877: In France, Charles Cros invents the phonograph.

1877: In America, Edison also invents the phonograph.

1878: Muybridge photographs a horse in motion.

1878: Cathode ray tube is invented by Crookes, English chemist.

1878: The dynamic microphone is invented in the U.S. and Germany.

1878: Telephone directories are issued.

1878: Full page newspaper ads.

1878: In France, praxinoscope, an optical toy, a step toward movies.

1878: Hughes invents the microphone.

1878: Dry-plate photography.

1879: Benday process aids newspaper production of maps, drawings.

1880: First photos in newspapers, using halftones.

1880: Edison invents the electric light.

1880: France's Leblanc theorizes transmitting a picture in segments.

1880: First parcel post.

1880: Business offices begin to look modern.

1882: In England, the first Wirephotos.

1883: Edison stumbles onto "Edison effect"; basis of broadcast tubes.

1884: In Germany, Nipkow scanning disc, early version of television.

1884: People can now make long distance phone calls.

1884: Electric tabulator is introduced.

1884: Waterman's fountain pen blots out earlier versions.

1885: Dictating machines are bought for offices.

1885: Eastman makes coated photo printing paper.

1885: U.S. Post Office offers special delivery.

1885: Trains are delivering newspapers daily.

1889: Telenautik delivering hex code monthly

1886: Graphophone's wax cylinder and sapphire stylus improve sound.

1886: Mergenthaler constructs a linotype machine for setting type.

1887: Celluloid film; it will replace glass plate photography.

1887: Montgomery Ward mails out a 540-page catalog.

1887: Berliner gets music from a flat disc stamped out by machine.

1887: Comptometer multi-function adding machine is manufactured.

1888: "Kodak" box camera makes picture taking simple.

1888: Heinrich Hertz proves the existence of radio waves.

1888: The coin-operated public telephone.

1888: Edison's phonograph is manufactured for sale to the public.

1889: Herman Hollerith counts the population with punch cards.

1889: Strowger, Kansas City undertaker, invents automatic telephone exchange.

1890: A.B. Dick markets the mimeograph.

1890: Typewriters are in common use in offices.

1890: In England, Friese-Greene builds the kinematograph camera and projector.

1890: In France, Branly's coherer conducts radio waves.

1891: Large press prints and folds 90,000 4-page papers an hour.

1891: Telephoto lens is attached to the camera.

1891: Edison's assistant, Dickson, builds the Kinetograph motion picture camera.

1892: Edison and Dickson invent the peep-show Kinetoscope.

1892: 4-color rotary press.

1892: Portable typewriters.

1892: Automatic telephone switchboard comes into service.

1893: Dickson builds a motion picture studio in New Jersey.

1893: Addressograph joins the office machinery.

1894: Marconi invents wireless telegraphy.

1894: Box making machines give impetus to packaging industry.

1894: Berliner's flat phonograph disc competes with the cylinder.

1895: France's Lumiere brothers build a portable movie camera.

1895: Paris audience sees movies projected.

1895: In England, Friese-Greene invents phototypesetting.

1895: Dial telephones go into Milwaukee's city hall.

1896: Underwood model permits typists to see what they are typing.

1896: The monotype sets type by machine in single characters.

1896: Electric power is used to run a paper mill.

1896: In Britain, the motion picture projector is manufactured.

1896: X-ray photography.

1896: Rural free delivery (RFD) inaugurated.

1897: In England, postmen deliver mail to every home.

1897: In Germany, Braun improves Crookes' tube with fluorescence.

1897: General Electric creates a publicity department.

1898: Photographs taken by artificial light.

1898: New York State passes a law against misleading advertising.

1899: The loudspeaker.

1899: Sound is recorded magnetically by Poulsen of Denmark.

1899: American Marconi Company incorporated; forerunner of RCA.

1900: Kodak Brownie makes photography cheaper and simpler.

1900: Pupin's loading coil reduces telephone voice distortion.

1901: Sale of phonograph disc made of hard resinous shellac.

1901: First electric typewriter, the Blickensderfer.

1901: Marconi sends a radio signal across the Atlantic.

1902: Germany's Zeiss invents the four-element Tessar camera lens.

1902: Etched zinc engravings start to replace hand-cut wood blocks.

1902: U.S. Navy installs radio telephones aboard ships.

1902: Photoelectric scanning can send and receive a picture.

1902: Trans-Pacific telephone cable connects Canada and Australia.

1903: Technical improvements in radio, telegraph, phonograph, movies and printing.

1903: London Daily Mirror illustrates only with photographs.

1904: A telephone answering machine is invented.

1904: Fleming invents the diode to improve radio communication.

1904: Offset lithography becomes a commercial reality.

1904: A photograph is transmitted by wire in Germany.

1904: Hine photographs America's underclass.

1904: The Great Train Robbery creates demand for fiction movies.

1904: The comic book.

1904: The double-sided phonograph disc.

1905: In Pittsburgh the first nickelodeon opens.

1905: Photography, printing, and post combine in the year's craze, picture postcards.

1905: In France, Pathe colors black and white films by machine.

1905: In New Zealand, the postage meter is introduced.

1905: The Yellow Pages.

1905: The juke box; 24 choices.

1906: In Britain, new process colors books cheaply.

1906: A program of voice and music is broadcast in the U.S.

1906: Lee de Forest invents the three-element vacuum tube.

1906: Dunwoody and Pickard build a crystal-and-cat's-whisker radio.

1906: An animated cartoon film is produced.

1906: Fessenden plays violin for startled ship wireless operators.

1906: An experimental sound-on-film motion picture.

1906: Strowger invents automatic dial telephone switching.

1907: Bell and Howell develop a film projection system.

1907: Lumiere brothers invent still color photography process.

1907: DeForest begins regular radio music broadcasts.

1907: In Russia, Rosing develops theory of television.

1908: In U.S., Smith introduces true color motion pictures.

1909: Radio distress signal saves 1,700 lives after ships collide.

1909: First broadcast talk; the subject: women's suffrage.

1910: Sweden's Elkstrom invents "flying spot" camera light beam.

1911: Efforts are made to bring sound to motion pictures.

1911: Rotogravure aids magazine production of photos.

1911: "Postal savings system" inaugurated.

1912: U.S. passes law to control radio stations.

1912: Motorized movie cameras replace hand cranks.

1912: Feedback and heterodyne systems usher in modern radio.

1912: First mail carried by airplane.

1913: The portable phonograph is manufactured.

1913: Type composing machines roll out of the factory.

1914: A better triode vacuum tube improves radio reception.

1914: Radio message is sent to an airplane.

1914: In Germany, the 35mm still camera, a Leica.

1914: In the U.S., Goddard begins rocket experiments.

1914: First transcontinental telephone call.

1915: Wireless radio service connects U.S. and Japan.

1915: Radio-telephone carries speech across the Atlantic.

1915: Birth of a Nation sets new movie standards.

1915: The electric loudspeaker.

1916: David Sarnoff envisions radio as "a household utility."

1916: Cameras get optical rangefinders.

1916: Radios get tuners.

1917: Photocomposition begins.

1917: Frank Conrad builds a radio station, later KDKA.

1917: Condenser microphone aids broadcasting, recording.

1918: First regular airmail service: Washington, D.C. to New York.

1919: People can now dial telephone numbers themselves.

1919: Shortwave radio is invented.

1919: Flip-flop circuit invented; will help computers to count.

1920: The first broadcasting stations are opened.

1920: First cross-country airmail flight in the U.S.

1920: Sound recording is done electrically.

1920: Post Office accepts the postage meter.

1920: KDKA in Pittsburgh broadcasts first scheduled programs.

1921: Quartz crystals keep radio signals from wandering.

1921: The word "robot" enters the language.

1921: Western Union begins wirephoto service.

1922: A commercial is broadcast, $100 for ten minutes.

1922: Technicolor introduces two-color process for movies.

1922: Germany's UFA produces a film with an optical sound track.

1922: First 3-D movie, requires spectacles with one red and one green lens.

1922: Singers desert phonograph horn mouths for acoustic studios.

1922: Nanook of the North, the first documentary.

1923: Zworykin's electronic iconoscope camera tube and kinescope display tube.

1923: People on one ship can talk to people on another.

1923: Ribbon microphone becomes the studio standard.

1923: A picture, broken into dots, is sent by wire.

1923: 16 mm nonflammable film makes its debut.

1923: Kodak introduces home movie equipment.

1923: Neon advertising signs.

1924: Low tech achievement: notebooks get spiral bindings.

1924: The Eveready Hour is the first sponsored radio program.

1924: At KDKA, Conrad sets up a short-wave radio transmitter.

1924: Daily coast-to-coast air mail service.

1924: Pictures are transmitted over telephone lines.

1924: Two and a half million radio sets in the U.S.

1925: The Leica 35 mm camera sets a new standard.

1925: Commercial picture facsimile radio service across the U.S.

1925: All-electric phonograph is built.

1925: A moving image, the blades of a model windmill, is telecast.

1925: From France, a wide-screen film.

1926: Commercial picture facsimile radio service across the Atlantic.

1926: Baird demonstrates an electro-mechanical TV system.

1926: Some radios get automatic volume control, a mixed blessing.

1926: The Book-of-the-Month Club.

1926: In U.S., first 16mm movie is shot.

1926: Goddard launches liquid-fuel rocket.

1926: Permanent radio network, NBC, is formed.

1926: Bell Telephone Labs transmit film by television.

1927: NBC begins two radio networks; CBS formed.

1927: Farnsworth assembles a complete electronic TV system.

1927: Jolson's "The Jazz Singer" is the first popular "talkie."

1927: Movietone offers newsreels in sound.

1927: U.S. Radio Act declares public ownership of the airwaves.

1927: Technicolor.

1927: Negative feedback makes hi-fi possible.

1928: First ON-AIR for RADIO ROMANIA. The First President was the famous physicist DRAGOMIR HURMUZESCU

1928: Baird demonstrates color TV on electro-mechanical system.

1928: The teletype machine makes its debut.

1928: Television sets are put in three homes, programming begins.

1928: Baird invents a video disc to record television.

1928: In an experiment, television crosses the Atlantic.

1928: In Schenectady, N.Y., the first scheduled television broadcasts.

1928: Steamboat Willie introduces Mickey Mouse.

1928: A motion picture is shown in color.

1928: Times Square gets moving headlines in electric lights.

1928: IBM adopts the 80-column punched card.

1929: Experiments begin on electronic color television.

1929: Telegraph ticker sends 500 characters per minute.

1929: Ship passengers can phone relatives ashore.

1929: Brokers watch stock prices on an automated electric board.

1929: Something else new: the car radio.

1929: In Germany, magnetic sound recording on plastic tape.

1929: Television studio is built in London.

1929: Air mail flown from Miami to South America.

1929: Bell Lab transmits stills in color by mechanical scanning.

1929: Zworykin demonstrates cathode-ray tube "kinescope" receiver, 60 scan lines.

1930: Photo flashbulbs replace dangerous flash powder.

1930: "Golden Age" of radio begins in U.S.

1930: Lowell Thomas begins first regular network newscast.

1930: TVs based on British mechanical system roll off factory line.

1930: Bush's differential analyzer introduces the computer.

1930: AT&T tries the picture telephone.

1931: Commercial teletype service.

1931: Electronic TV broadcasts in Los Angeles and Moscow.

1931: Exposures meters go on sale to photographers.

1931: NBC experimentally doubles transmission to 120-line screen.

1932: Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons.

1932: Kodak introduces 8 mm film for home movies.

1932: The "Times" of London uses its new Times Roman typeface.

1932: Stereophonic sound in a motion picture, "Napoleon."

1932: Zoom lens is invented, but a practical model is 21 years off.

1932: The light meter.

1932: NBC and CBS allow prices to be mentioned in commercials.

1933: Armstrong invents FM, but its real future is 20 years off.

1933: Multiple-flash sports photography.

1933: Singing telegrams.

1933: Phonograph records go stereo.

1934: Drive-in movie theater opens in New Jersey.

1934: Associated Press starts wirephoto service.

1934: In Germany, a mobile television truck roams the streets.

1934: In Scotland, teletypesetting sets type by phone line.

1934: Three-color Technicolor used in live action film.

1934: Communications Act of 1934 creates FCC.

1934: Half of the homes in the U.S. have radios.

1934: Mutual Radio Network begins operations.

1935: German single lens reflex roll film camera synchronized for flash bulbs.

1935: Also in Germany, audio tape recorders go on sale.

1935: IBM's electric typewriter comes off the assembly line.

1935: The Penguin paperback book sells for the price of 10 cigarettes.

1935: All-electronic VHF television comes out of the lab.

1935: Eastman-Kodak develops Kodachrome color film.

1935: Nielsen's Audimeter tracks radio audiences.

1935 Laurens Hammond done his Orgel

1936: Berlin Olympics are televised closed circuit.

1936: Bell Labs invents a voice recognition machine.

1936: Kodachrome film sharpens color photography.

1936: Co-axial cable connects New York to Philadelphia.

1936: Alan Turing's "On Computable Numbers" describes a general purpose computer.

1937: Stibitz of Bell Labs invents the electrical digital calculator.

1937: Pulse Code Modulation points the way to digital transmission.

1937: NBC sends mobile TV truck onto New York streets.

1937: A recording, the Hindenburg crash, is broadcast coast to coast.

1937: Carlson invents the photocopier.

1937:Snow White is the first feature-length cartoon.

1938: Strobe lighting.

1938: Baird demonstrates live TV in color.

1938: Broadcasts can be taped and edited.

1938: Two brothers named Biro invent the ballpoint pen in Argentina.

1938: CBS "World News Roundup" ushers in modern newscasting.

1938: DuMont markets electronic television receiver for the home.

1938: Radio drama, War of the Worlds," causes national panic.

1939: Mechanical scanning system abandoned.

1939: New York World's Fair shows television to public.

1939: Regular TV broadcasts begin.

1939: Air mail service across the Atlantic.

1939: Many firsts: sports coverage, variety show, feature film, etc.

1940: Fantasia introduces stereo sound to American public.

1941: Stereo is installed in a Moscow movie theater.

1941: FCC sets U.S. TV standards.

1941: CBS and NBC start commercial transmission; WW II intervenes.

1941: Goldmark at CBS experiments with electronic color TV.

1941: Microwave transmission.

1941: Zuse's Z3 is the first computer controlled by software.

1942: Atanasoff, Berry build the first electronic digital computer.

1942: Kodacolor process produces the color print.

1943: Repeaters on phone lines quiet long distance call noise.

1944: Harvard's Mark I, first digital computer, put in service.

1944: IBM offers a typewriter with proportional spacing.

1944: NBC presents first U.S. network newscast, a curiosity.



Links to this Page