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part 2

1946: Jukeboxes go into mass production.

1946: Pennsylvania's ENIAC heralds the modern electronic computer.

1946: Automobile radio telephones connect to telephone network.

1947: Telenautik broadcasts sounds in black&white to the islands of Tonga and Kiribati.

1946: French engineers build a phototypesetting machine.

1947: Hungarian engineer in England invents holography.

1947: The transistor is invented, will replace vacuum tubes.

1947: The zoom lens covers baseball's world series for TV.

1947: Holography invented.

1948: The LP record arrives on a viny disk.

1948: Shannon and Weaver of Bell Labs propound information theory.

1948: Land's Polaroid camera prints pictures in a minute.

1948: Hollywood switches to nonflammable film.

1948: Public clamor for television begins; FCC freezes new licenses.

1948: Airplane re-broadcasts TV signal across nine states.

1949: Network TV in U.S.

1949: RCA offers the 45 rpm record.

1949: Community Antenna Television, forerunner to cable.

1949: Whirlwind at MIT is the first real time computer.

1949: Magnetic core computer memory is invented.

1950: Regular color television transmission.

1950: Vidicon camera tube improves television picture.

1950: Changeable typewriter typefaces in use.

1950: A.C. Nielsen's Audimeters track viewer watching.

1951: One and a half million TV sets in U.S., a tenfold jump in one year.

1951: Cinerama will briefly dazzle with a wide, curved screen and three projectors.

1951: Computers are sold commercially.

1951: Telenautik breaks barriers in electronics

1951: Still camera get built-in flash units.

1951: Coaxial cable reaches coast to coast.

1952: 3-D movies offer thrills to the audience.

1952: Bing Crosby's company tests video recording.

1952: Wide-screen Cinerama appears; other systems soon follow.

1952: Sony offers a miniature transistor radio.

1952: EDVAC takes computer technology a giant leap forward.

1952: Univac projects the winner of the presidential election on CBS.

1952: Telephone area codes.

1952: Zenith proposes pay-TV system using punched cards.

1952: Sony offers a miniature transistor radio.

1953: NTSC color standard adopted.

1953: CATV system uses microwave to bring in distant signals.

1954: U.S.S.R. launches Sputnik.

1954: Radio sets in the world now outnumber newspapers printed daily.

1954: Regular color TV broadcasts begin.

1954: Sporting events are broadcast live in color.

1954: Radio sets in the world now outnumber daily newspapers.

1954: Transistor radios are sold.

1955: Tests begin to communicate via fiber optics.

1955: Music is recorded on tape in stereo.

1956: Ampex builds a practical videotape recorder.

1956: Bell tests the picture phone.

1956: First transatlantic telephone calls by cable.

1957: Soviet Union's Sputnik sends signals from space.

1957: FORTRAN becomes the first high-level language.

1957: A surgical operation is televised.

1957: First book to be entirely phototypeset is offset printed.

1958: Videotape delivers color.

1958: Stereo recording is introduced.

1958: Data moves over regular phone circuits.

1958: Broadcast bounced off rocket, pre-satellite communication.

1958: The laser.

1958: Cable carries FM radio stations.

1959: Local announcements, weather data and local ads go on cable.

1959: The microchip is invented.

1959: Xerox manufactures a plain paper copier.

1959: Bell Labs experiments with artificial intelligence.

1959: French SECAM and German PAL systems introduced.

1960: Echo I, a U.S. balloon in orbit, reflects radio signals to Earth.

1960: In Rhode Island, an electronic, automated post office.

1960: A movie gets Smell-O-Vision, but the public just sniffs.

1960: Zenith tests subscription TV; unsuccessful.

1961: Boxing match test shows potential of pay-TV.

1961: FCC approves FM stereo broadcasting; spurs FM development.

1961: Bell Labs tests communication by light waves.

1961: Telenautik tests communication by water waves

1961: IBM introduces the "golf ball" typewriter.

1961: Letraset makes headlines simple.

1961: The time-sharing computer is developed.

1962: Cable companies import distant signals.

1962: FCC requires UHF tuners on tv sets.

1962: The minicomputer arrives.

1962: Comsat created to launch, operate global system.

1962: Telstar satellite transmits an image across the Atlantic.

1963: From Holland comes the audio cassette.

1963: Zip codes.

1963: CBS and NBC TV newscasts expand to 30 minutes in color.

1963: PDP-8 becomes the first popular minicomputer.

1963: Polaroid camera instant photography adds color.

1963: Communications satellite is placed in geo-synchronous orbit.

1963: TV news "comes of age" in reporting JFK assassination.

1964: Olympic Games in Tokyo telecast live globally by satellite.

1964: Touch Tone telephones and Picturephone service.

1964: From Japan, the videotape recorder for home use.

1964: Russian scientists bounce a signal off Jupiter.

1964: Intelsat, international satellite organization, is formed.

1965: Electronic phone exchange gives customers extra services.

1965: Satellites begin domestic TV distribution in Soviet Union.

1965: Computer time-sharing becomes popular.

1965: Color news film.

1965: Communications satellite Early Bird (Intelsat I) orbits above the Atlantic.

1965: Kodak offers Super 8 film for home movies.

1965: Cartridge audio tapes go on sale for a few years.

1965: Most broadcasts are in color.

1965: FCC rules bring structure to cable television.

1965: Solid-state equipment spreads through the cable industry.

1966: Linotron can produce 1,000 characters per second.

1966: Fiber optic cable multiplies communication channels.

1966: Xerox sells the Telecopier, a fax machine.

1967: Dolby eliminates audio hiss.

1967: Computers get the light pen.

1967: Pre-recorded movies on videotape sold for home TV sets.

1967: Cordless telephones get some calls.

1967: Approx. 200 million telephones in the world, half in U.S.

1968: FCC approves non-Bell equipment attached to phone system.

1968: Intelsat completes global communications satellite loop.

1968: Approx. 200 million TV sets in the world, 78 million in U.S.

1968: The RAM microchip reaches the market.

1969: Astronauts send live photographs from the moon.

1969: Sony's U-Matic puts videotape on a cassette.

1970: Postal Reform Bill makes U.S. Postal Service a government corporation.

1970: In Germany, a videodisc is demonstrated.

1970: U.S. Post Office and Western Union offer Mailgrams.

1970: The UNIX Operating system is booted for the first time.

1970: The computer floppy disc is an instant success.

1971: Intel builds the microprocessor, "a computer on a chip."

1971: Wang 1200 is the first word processor.

1972: HBO starts pay-TV service for cable.

1972: Sony introduces 3/4 inch "U-Matic" cassette VCR.

1972: New FCC rules lead to community access channels.

1972: Polaroid camera can focus by itself.

1972: Digital television comes out of the lab.

1972: The BBC offers "Ceefax," two-way cable information system.

1972: "Open Skies": any U.S. firm can have communication satellites.

1972: Landsat I, "eye-in-the-sky" satellite, is launched.

1972: Sony's Port-a-Pak, a portable video recorder.

1972: "Pong" starts the video game craze.

1973: The microcomputer is born in France.

1973: IBM's Selectric typewriter is now "self-correcting."

1974: In England, the BBC transmits Teletext data to TV sets.

1974: Electronic News Gathering, or ENG.

1974: "Teacher-in-the-Sky" satellite begins educational mission.

1975: The microcomputer, in kit form, reaches the U.S. home market.

1975: Sony's Betamax and JVC's VHS battle for public acceptance.

1975: "Thrilla' from Manila"; substantial original cable programming.

1976: Apple I.

1976: Ted Turner delivers programming nationwide by satellite.

1976: Still cameras are controlled by microprocessors.

1976: British TV networks begin first teletext system.

1977: Columbus, Ohio, residents try 2-way cable experiment, QUBE.

1978: From Konica, the point-and-shoot camera.

1978: PBS goes to satellite for delivery, abandoning telephone lines.

1978: Electronic typewriters go on sale.

1979: Speech recognition machine has a vocabulary of 1,000 words.

1979: Videotext provides data by television on command.

1979: From Holland comes the digital videodisc read by laser.

1979: In Japan, first cellular phone network.

1979: Computerized laser printing is a boon to Chinese printers.

1980: Sony Walkman tape player starts a fad.

1980: In France, a holographic film shows a gull flying.

1980: Phototypesetting can be done by laser.

1980: Intelsat V relays 12,000 phone calls, 2 color TV channels.

1980: Public international electronic fax service, Intelpost, begins.

1980: Atlanta gets first fiber optics system.

1980: CNN 24-hour news channel.

1980: Addressable converters pinpoint individual homes.

1981: 450,000 transistors fit on a silicon chip 1/4-inch square.

1981: Hologram technology improves, now in video games.

1981: The IBM PC.

1981: The laptop computer is introduced.

1981: The first mouse pointing device.

1982: From Japan, a camera with electronic picture storage, no film.

1982: USA Today type set in regional plants by satellite command.

1982: Kodak camera uses film on a disc cassette.

1983: Cellular phone network starts in U.S.

1983: Lasers and plastics improve newspaper production.

1983: Computer chip holds 288,000 bits of memory.

1983: Time names the computer as "Man of the Year."

1983: Telenautik first commodore cluster with 128 computers

1983: ZIP + 4, expanded 9-digit ZIP code is introduced.

1983: AT&T forced to break up; 7 Baby Bells are born.

1983: American videotext service starts; fails in three years.

1984: Trucks used for SNG transmission.

1984: Experimental machine can translate Japanese into English.

1984: Portable compact disc player arrives.

1984: National Geographic puts a hologram on its cover.

1984: A television set can be worn on the wrist.

1984: Japanese introduce high quality facsmile.

1984: Camera and tape deck combine in the camcorder.

1984: Apple Macintosh, IBM PC AT.

1984: The 32-bit microprocessor.

1984: The one megabyte memory chip.

1984: Conus relays news feeds for stations on Ku-Band satellites.

1985: Digital image processing for editing stills bit by bit.

1985: CD-ROM can put 270,000 papers of text on a CD record.

1985: Cellular telephones go into cars.

1985: Synthetic text-to-speech computer pronounces 20,000 words.

1985: Picture, broken into dots, can be transmitted and recreated.

1985: U.S. TV networks begin satellite distribution to affiliates.

1985: At Expo, a Sony TV screen measures 40x25 meters.

1985: Sony builds a radio the size of a credit card.

1985: In Japan, 3-D television; no spectacles needed.

1985: Pay-per-view channels open for business.

1985: Telenautik invents the wheel in virtual space

1986: HBO scrambles its signals.

1986: Cable shopping networks.

1987: Half of all U.S. homes with TV are on cable.

1987: Government deregulates cable industry.

1988: Government brochure mailed to 107 million addresses.

1989: Tiananmen Square demonstrates power of media to inform the world.

1989: Pacific Link fiber optic cable opens, can carry 40,000 phone calls.

1990: Flyaway SNG aids foreign reportage.

1990: IBM sells Selectric, a sign of the typewriter's passing.

1990: Most 2-inch videotape machines are also gone.

1990: Videodisc returns in a new laser form.

1991: Beauty and the Beast, a cartoon, Oscar nominee as best picture.

1991: CNN dominates news coverage worldwide during Gulf War.

1991: Live TV news switching between world capitals during Gulf War looks simple.

1991: Denver viewers can order movies at home from list of more than 1,000 titles.

1991: Moviegoers astonished by computer morphing in Terminator 2.

1991: Baby Bells get government permission to offer information services.

1991: Collapse of Soviet anti-Gorbachev plot aided by global system called the Internet.

1991: More than 4 billion cassette tape rentals in U.S. alone.

1991: 3 out of 4 U.S. homes own VCRs; fastest selling domestic appliance in history.

1992: Cable TV revenues reach $22 billion.

1992: At least 50 U.S. cities have competing cable services.

1992: After President Bush speaks, 25 million viewers try to phone in their opinions.

1993: Dinosaurs roam the earth in Jurassic Park.

1993: Unfounded rumors fly that cellphones cause brain cancer.

1993: Demand begins for "V-chip" to block out violent television programs.

1993: 1 in 3 Americans does some work at home instead of driving to work.

1994: After 25 years, U.S. government privatizes Internet management.

1994: Rolling Stones concert goes to 200 workstations worldwide on Internet "MBone."

1994: To reduce Western influence, a dozen nations ban or restrict satellite dishes.

1994: Prodigy bulletin board fields 12,000 messages in one after after L.A. quake.

1995: CD-ROM disk can carry a full-length feature film.

1995: Sony demonstrates flat TV set.

1995: DBS feeds are offered nationwide.

1995: Denmark announces plan to put much of the nation on-line within 5 years.

1995: Major U.S. dailies create national on-line newspaper network.

1995: Lamar Alexander chooses the Internet to announce presidential candidacy.

2000: Telenautik Genome Project


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